Sometimes the ability to move or transfer is often limited when a patient’s bones, joints, or muscles are damaged. Before aiding a patient with transporting or range-of-motion drills, it is essential to conduct a careful evaluation of the patient’s mobility, muscle strength, and tolerance.
Body balance and body mechanics at Parsippany Physical Therapy in Parsippany, NJ, involves the coordinated strategy so as to maintain posture, alignment, and body balance while shifting, moving, and transferring patients. Body mechanics permits individuals to make progress without the unnecessary use of strength. This technique also aids in preventing damages for patients.
Body mechanics with physical therapists in Parsippany, NJ, requires organized muscle circulation and neurological assimilation. It includes essential elements such as posture, body alignment, balance and coordinated movements. Posture and body alignment let body parts to a position for an optimal body and balance duty. A physical therapist at Parsippany Physical Therapy in Parsippany, NJ, recognizes a well-aligned body, either sitting, lying, or in a standing position. It is very important to know proper body alignment to reduce the pressure on the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
Putting one body part in line with another in a vertical or horizontal line is called body alignment. Right alignment provides balance and minimizes tension on muscle or skeletal compositions. Without balance, the risk of slips and fractures increase. In the line of body mechanics, the center of the weight of an individual is the center of gravity. A low center of gravity improves balance.
To help obtain balance, a physical therapist at Parsippany Physical Therapy in Parsippany, NJ, will do the following:
- bending the joints such as the knees for a base support
- bringing the center of gravity closer to the base of support
- keeping your back straight
A broad base of support is the foundation of stability. This type of support is attained by putting both feet apart in a suitable, shoulder-width distance. Body balance can also be achieved when a vertical line falls from the center of gravity through the base of support. The body will lose its balance if the vertical line movement is outside the base of support. Right alignment contributes to the stability and minimizes stress on muscle-skeletal structures.
Various kinds of assistive devices can assist physical therapists at Parsippany Physical Therapy in Parsippany, NJ, when ambulating and transferring patients. The most common they use may include a transfer or gait belt, a draw sheet, and a transfer plank. Gait belts can be used for patients who need assistance in moving from a chair to the bed or vice versa. Transfer board is typically used to move a patient from a gurney or a stretcher to the bed, while a draw sheet is used to re-position a patient on the bed.